The Piriformis Muscle is a located underneath the Gluteal muscles. It’s function is to externally rotate your hip. It’s frequently a source of ‘pain in the butt’.
Piriformis Syndrome is cause by the muscle becoming overly tight resulting in compression of the Sciatic Nerve. Biomechanical faults can contribute to this such as foot arches, knee position and leg length. Aggravating factors include bending, lifting, running and especially sitting. The condition is extremely common and usually seen more in women.
Pain is located in the buttock area that is also accompanied by sciatica-like pain, numbness, and weakness that runs down your leg. Treatment includes heat, ice, soft tissue work and exercise. Specific exercises include stretching and vital gluteal strengthening.