The ankle undergoes a lot of stress during daily activities. It is the key connection between the foot and the leg, therefore is responsible for the downward force of the body. Non surprisingly that the ankle is one of the most injured areas of the lower limb.
The ankle is made up of bones and ligaments. The ligaments keep the bones together and provide stability around the joint. Injuries to the ligaments are known as sprains.
The most common sprain is caused by the foot ‘rolling over’, normally from a rapid change of direction. This results in a stretch, slight tear or complete rupture of the tissue acutely. The different levels of a sprain are known to be a Grade I, II or III. The injury is exceptionally common in team sports such as football, basketball and contact sports.
Rehabilitation is exceptionally important regardless of the severity of the condition as if ignored, lower grades such as a Grade I sprain or strain can develop into the more serious Grade II or Grade III.
Isometric eversion exercises are important to strengthen the tissues of the ankle without working against resistance. When the area is completely pain free, exercises such as Resisted Eccentric Inversion using a Resistance Band can be performed by using the resistance band to create resistance against the joint.
It is important to include the whole body during rehabilitation to minic activities of daily living.